Republic Day is one of the three national holidays in India and is the largest festival in the country. It is celebrated every year on January 26 with a large parade held in New Delhi and various others throughout the country, to commemorate when India’s constitution came into force in 1950, completing the country’s transition toward becoming an independent republic.
India became independent of the United Kingdom on August 15, 1947, but did not have a permanent constitution at this time. India’s constitution came into effect on Republic Day, with its date chosen as it was the anniversary of Purna Swaraj. Ever since the historic day, the 26th January is celebrated with festivities and patriotic fervour across India.
The Celebrations include parades from the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force and traditional dance troupes take part with performances from the different ethnic groups of different states, with traditional costumes that show the cultural unity of India.
Awards and medals of bravery are given to the people from the armed forces and also to civilians. There are also many national and local cultural programs focusing on the history and culture of India, with children having a special place in these programs.
Celebrations of India’s Republic Day have become world famous, with one of the biggest shows in the world attracting thousands of eager visitors and participants from across India and many parts of the world.